Fascism is the term used to refer to a type of governance which portrays the opposite side of democracy. Despite the fact that this government was a conflict with socialism, they had similar perspectives in the past (Derfler, 1973). Despotism arrives in a wide assortment of types of government, yet it is depicted as a legislature of a dictator. Fascism shares different opinions with communism, and as such, citizens under this governance cannot raise their views since they cannot be taken care of. Fascism is not socialism, even though the whole of it is established in extraordinary patriotism (Griffin, 1995). The implementation of fascism was a historical success since different countries in continents such as Asia and Europe adopted this form of governance; it began to spread in smaller communities after its introduction in 1880 where leaders of these regions were considered to have the final ruling in everything (Derfler, 1973).
Unlike democrats, fascists practiced discrimination since they did not believe in practicing equality in their actions (Griffin, 1995). They had to be favored over other individuals, and this is unlike the common practice that is seen in the United States of America. Their conviction was that vote based system prompted avarice among its people, signs of weakness, and defilement in the legislature (Derfler, 1973). They didn't consider individuals to be people who conveyed their true identities, but rather everybody being a piece of an entirety. Therefore, attempts to get rid of weaknesses in democracy was considered as the primary reason why fascism was introduced. Different countries such as Italy are linked with the origin of this governance in late 19th century (Griffin, 1995).
Several factors contributed to the spread of fascism in the early 20th century. Industrialization is one of these factors especially in the western where it was spreading during the introduction of fascism (Woolf, 1981). This form of governance was a response to the terrifying qualities of industrialization (Derfler, 1973). One party rule looked to combine the advantages of present day society with a conventional request focused upon healthy family excellences (World History, 2012). These wealthy families had to be provided with more power where they took advantage and began to oppress other individuals in the society (Morgan, 2003). Nazi party is one of the examples of a group of people who took advantage of the wealthy Expressionist art in Germany ("Hitler Comes to Power," 2017).
One of the other factors that resulted in the spread of fascism in the 20th century was the notion that some individuals were getting of developing a society with one race (Griffin, 1995). Nazi party in Germany was based on this concept, and they considered people from other races to be inferior compared to them ("Hitler Comes to Power," 2017). The Nazis wanted to develop a nation of healthy individuals who were also financially stable. As a result, they developed fascism whose primary intention was to restore the fallen German state ("Hitler Comes to Power," 2017). World War I is also heavily associated with the origin and spread of fascism (Griffin, 1995). Individuals who were involved in WWI became traumatized after the war due to the methods that were used in it. Chemical warfare, in particular, had the most significant effect as these members became brutalized during this warfare (Lyttelton, 2004).
The hope that was being provided by fascism can also be said to contribute to its development and spread (Lyttelton, 2004). Members who practiced this form of governance had hopes of a brighter future where poverty was difficult to come across. Fascism promised a nation where people would be united and able to work together to contribute to the economic growth of such nation (Lyttelton, 2004). This is considered as one of the reasons why some citizens welcomed the idea of fascism in their countries.
Italy is one of the western nations where fascism originated in the early 20th century. Its historical development began with the rise of Benito Mussolini (Lyttelton, 2004). Together with the effects of World War I, Mussolini took advantage of the state of members who were involved in this war and lured them into fascist gangs (Lyttelton, 2004). At this moment, the government of Italy was doing less to improve the state of the country. The economy of Italy was also being affected negatively especially during the period 1920-1923 due to the settlement that the country received after the end of World War I (Lyttelton, 2004). It can be clearly seen that the state of this country was the main reason why Mussolini decided to introduce fascism in the country.
Mussolini was initially a socialist who believed in equality and fear treatment for all citizens of a country (Morgan, 2003). However, during the year 1920, he became famous after the introduction of his party, Fascist Party (Griffin, 1995). The rate of poverty in this country was on the rise and unemployment was one of the principal causes of the unemployment. At first, the party was not famous in the government of Italy (Woolf, 1981). However, some individuals shared the same thoughts with Mussolini, and this led to the continued rise of the party (Morgan, 2003). Fascism began to gain fame in the country where some individuals thought that its primary goals were to eliminate poverty and restore the state of Italy to its initial condition (World History, 2012). Misunderstanding of the real meaning of fascism led to many citizens of Italy supporting this party blindly.
Strikes began to occur and were common in Italy especially for the year 1921-1925 (Griffin, 1995). Communist was thought to be on the verge of taking over the government during this period, and this brought a concern to Mussolini and his colleagues (World History, 2012). Due to the fear of being defeated, Mussolini decided to take over the government forcefully by employing soldiers who had undergone trauma due to World War I (Lyttelton, 2004). With the help of this soldiers, Mussolini became a dictator in Italy, and it was during this time when fascism began to spread in this country.
Japan is a good example of a non-western country where fascism was experienced during the 20th century (Morgan, 2003). Russo- Japanese War was the primary cause of this governance in this country where a movement was formed after this war (Griffin, 1995). Though the Japanese were successful in winning the war, they did not experience positive benefits from it since Local Improvement Movement (Morgan, 2003). After the war, the government began to spend more, and this had effects on the economy of this country. Local Improvement Movement was introduced to try and control the expenditure of the government through creation of labor and improving the living standards of Japanese citizens (Lyttelton, 2004). Just like in western nations, people did not get the actual meaning of this movement at first. It could be argued that the state of the government at this period was making people blind such that they were ready to take any measures even if it meant supporting a fascist governance (Morgan, 2003).
World War I also had effects on Japan in after the country lost the war, frustration resulted in some members of the government demanding more power (Sakuzo, 1932). The hunger for control of the government led to two parties being formed, the Jiyuto and Kaishinto (Sakuzo, 1932). Both of the parties were fascists as they intended to form a government where the public had a little contribution (Sakuzo, 1932). Members of these parties began to disagree with each other and this paved war for violence and discrimination (Griffin, 1995). At this time, communism was not famous in the country since only a few individuals were willing to fight for equality in Japan (Woolf, 1981). Influence from the western culture also contributed to the emergence of fascism in Japan (Sakuzo, 1932). News began to spread during the 20th century concerning the dictatorship that was on the rise in Germany and Italy ("Hitler Comes to Power," 2017).
In both Italy and Japan, the implementation of fascism was a historic success. Both fascist parties in these countries were successful after their takeover, and their reign was noted in historical records (Lyttelton, 2004). Different circumstances led to the rise and historical success of fascism in both countries (Morgan, 2003). Italy and Japan are used to represent western and non-western states and its evident that this form of governance was also being practiced in other countries such as Germany ("Hitler Comes to Power," 2017). Success in fascism was as a result of social and economic conditions. In both regions, poor governance which had adverse effects on the economic development was the reason why dictatorship was preferred (Schumpeter, 2013). Fascists decided to take advantage of the countries economies to form their government.
World War I also contributed to the success of fascism in the past. After this historical event, the dictatorship was almost inevitable, especially for those individuals who were involved in the war (Morgan, 2003). The experiences that citizens of Italy and Japan gained from the war motivated them to come up with a form of government where they had total control of their respective countries (Schumpeter, 2013). Inhabitants of these nations felt they owed these individuals after everything they had done in the war and therefore, the dictatorship was introduced (Morgan, 2003). In other words, people who were involved in WWI were highly involved in forming fascist movements which introduced fascism n both western and non-western regions (Lyttelton, 2004).
Socialism and communism are the major factors that offered a challenge to fascism during the 20th century. During the introduction of dictatorship, Democrats tried to resist this form of governance though they were not successful (Morgan, 2003). Socialists were more concerned with the general welfare of citizens, unlike fascists who had greed for power and wealth (Griffin, 1995). According to fascists, the opinions of most socialists made their countries weak since these views led to poor governance (Lyttelton, 2004). Toward the start of the twentieth century, communists realized that their development was unexpected to entrepreneur society. They were also well aware of the dangers that were being posed by fascists especially after their experiences from World War I (Morgan, 2003). These individuals were hungry for power and were willing to get rid of all socialists.
In the modern world, its difficult to come across any form of fascism due to factors such as a change in government systems, the level of awareness among citizens of a country and the relationship between countries (Lyttelton, 2004). After the end of World War II, most countries in both the western and non-western regions became independent states and citizens of these nations were free to express their feelings and thoughts (Lyttelton, 2004). Countries such as Germany and Italy abandoned fascist practices between the year 1960-1980 where they had to corporate with other nations such as United States of America ("Hitler Comes to Power," 2017). The citizens of these regions became aware of their rights, and they were willing to fight and get rid of fascism (Morgan, 2003). This was the primary reason why this form of governance came to an end during these periods.
The implementation of fascism was a historical success since different countries in continents such as Asia and Europe adopted this form of governance; it began to spread in smaller communities after its introduction in 1880 where leaders of these regions were considered to have the final ruling in everything (Morgan, 2003). Poor governance was the major factor that led to the rise of fascism in countries such as Japan...
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