Essay on the Monteverdi Madrigal Project

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  8
Wordcount:  1941 Words
Date:  2021-05-26

The idea of the text being used or considered as the mistress of the music is a depiction of something of a maxim for the student and instructor of the late 16th century performance, and also of the madrigal specifically. Researches on the madrigal shows cases of chromaticism, discord, rhythms, phrases and pictorial signs as demonstrations of the way music reinforces as well as upholding the text on different scales; that is the phrase or even the general tone. Claudio Monteverdi became immortal between 1607 and 1608, during which he premiered operas that would bring a revolution in the connection between musical practices and dramatic forms of expression. The operas were LOrfeo and LArianna. According to Massimo Ossi (11), Monteverdis success is peculiar because the favola per musica was novel, and its composer was only forty years old at the time of LOrfeos first voyage in Mantua. An important question concerns how a skilled composer could rise rapidly to the level of avant-grade medium: what preparations made Monteverdi effective at commanding pathos, and subjective in representing characters while he was still a madrigalist? Addressing this pertinent question requires emphasis on the II pastor fido madrigals that comprised the fourth and fifth books compiled by Monteverdi, which became a ground for proving the auditioning gestures that formed Monteverdis new dramatic form of expression. Monteverdis third book of Madrigals shows the influence of Wert in selecting texts and using dramatic styles.

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Monteverdi is regarded as a popular composer whose contribution and importance is studied in nearly every course of the history of music. His texts of madrigals give an account of the establishment and growth of a novel style of music writing, which shifts us from the period of Renaissance to that of the Baroque. A good example is Non havea Febro ancora from his eighth madrigal is a good case in instance of the early style of Baroque. The poetry that contrasts the liberty of the nightingale as well as the ease at which he gets affection with the anxiety of unrequited love in him, is appropriate for a high school level choir. Therefore, a comparison of text expression among different periods of Monteverdis madrigals, and how do these three pieces achieve these effects?

Non havea Febro ancora is arguably the most common or popular Monteverdis madrigal on the second text (1590), and assumes a central vital position within the volume. The madrigal represents a specifically rich version of imitation, and created an enduring novel models for styles of music and tonal arrangement. Io non son pero morto has been identified as the model for Ecco mormorar Ionde, and places among common characteristics. The first lines monadic declamation, where there are repeated notes is only the melodic accent on the penultimate syllable which stands out. Ecco mormorar Ionde appears in 3 sections. The initial 6 verses of the text give a description of the quite before dawn, and its singing should be quite soft. The following 5 verses give a description of the changes just like they occur, and with consequent repetitions of the word and turn out to be more interesting and loud. The last 3 verses describe a celebration of the arrival of dawn, and need to be given a strong ending.

In comparison with deWerts Io non son pero morto, we find that the melodic phrases in the madrigal of Wert do not only have a new life breathed into them by Monteverdis works, but are also carefully selected to be in accordance with their new setting. The inert, monadic opening phrase that portrays death in Io non son pero morto appropriately fits the Eco mormorar Iondes murmuring, and both these stanzas consist of 7 syllables. The playful canzonetta form, initiated nearly concurrently with the theme, suits the trembling of the novel texts and also it returns to full life, the original. In addition, the monotone singing recalls the original sign of Vezzosi augelli, in which the predecessor and replacement are linked directly without any irony. They both portray same setting, both have common term mormorar as well as having intonations on a C followed by a low bass F. In Ecco mormorar, we find that the imitation just like in the previous works encompass observance of the models, but their essential reinterpretations. For instance, from the third bar to the fifth bar depicts Monteverdi using the verbatim none names of Werts 2-voices comes in his Io non son pero morto starting with the F-A third.

Regardless of the similarities, we find that Io non son Pero morto of Wert does not sufficiently recall the cadential together with the tonal formation of Ecco mormorar Ionde. However, for that matter, Monteverdi seemingly was inspired by Vezzosi augelli that has been considered as the only and leading model for the pieces in the English literature. Nonetheless, the textual similarities encouraged a musical association also. The tonal structure of the works of Wert is similar to that of Monteverdi together with Vezzosi augelli, which also quickly obeys its F tonic.

Monteverdis madrigal of Lamento della Ninfa is regarded as a lamentation, just like the title suggests. A lament can be defined as the expression of sorrow in a passionate manner, and is always common in mourning. He divides the text into 3 distinct sections whereby the solo soprano stanza serves as the nymph that is lamenting. His style of music of text painting is also evident all through in this writing. For instance, at about 0:49 in the video, we find that the four minor code as well as when the term grief is mentioned, the song actually shrinks or is reduced into something that appears like a very moderated code. As stated before, this is an actual baroque form of writing of composing music. Trying to relate the music with that is happening in the text was exactly what the writer was best recognized for. His style of text painting in this particular madrigal actually assists the audience in feeling the lamentations emotions, that is the sense of pain and sorrow.

When comparing Lamento della Ninfa to Francesco Sicilianis Psalm 12, one is able to see several similarities and dissimilarities. For instance, both songs have a basso continuo and the style of music on Monteverdi of text painting can also be evidenced in both the texts. One notable difference in the pieces of work is the fact that Psalm 12 has some ornamentation as opposed to Lamento della Ninfa. Both are great pieces of work by popular writers and baroque style of music can be seen in both of them.

Either pattern one (modal, which is composed of a simple series of descending triads) or two (contrapuntally, which is a quite complex one, encompasses descending 6th codes in its central 2 members) of the text may be regarded as being viable, and each one has at a given moment or another been used in recorded performances. The dissonances that take place due to it more certainly adhere to same appearances in earlier Monteverdi or even his peers as compared to those in respect to the first pattern. Similarly, they more reliably suit the syllabic accents available in the text, emphasizing them. There highly extreme structure or form might be viewed as rendering them specifically appropriate as regards to the infrequent level of expressivity that Monteverdi wanted to accomplish in the composition Lamento.

Additional backing of Monteverdis adoption of pattern two is its common use in a contemporary composition called Cento Partite sopra Passacagli by Girolamo Frescobaldi, which was written in the year 1637; that was merely a year fefore that of Monteverdi. There is an apparent similarity or relationship between the two texts in their common use at some point of a striking discord in the nature of a continued second formed by the notes A together with B overlapping to numerous beats; that is 7 half-note beats in Lament and 7 and half beats in Cento partite sopra. Frescobaldis adoption of the second pattern with some minor variants, in the complementary sections. This gives some kind of credibility to the work of Monteverdi although it already had a good performance. At the start of the Lamento the writer strongly fixes the fundamental chords in the mind of the audience. The pattern of the chord is originally presented singly, whereby it appears again thereafter, emphasized by the sounds; soprano, some two tenors as well as a bass, who act as her sympathetic male counterparts. These sounds only double the noes of the fundamental scheme of chord, firmly conforming to them, in order to create, with assumption that pattern 2 was used.

Regarding the basis of these discords, the emphasized passing tone is synonymous with the early baroque compositions, and might be found in most of his works. In the Lamento, we find that there is a noticeable 6th plus 4th on pie, which brings about a stern double discord in relation to the E chord found in the complement. To use it, he could have imitated some same methods that periodically came up earlier in the period. For example, in Canzon prima that was composed by Antonio Troilo in the year 1606, a work that the writer himself noticed the continuo, a 6th moves into a filled 5th and a 4th into a filled 3rd. Its secluded availability provides proof that discords as such happened at times, and were occurrences that Monteverdi could have actually noticed. Another good example takes place in Villanelle by Johann Kapsberger composed in the year 1619, where a 6th and 4th are seen together against the main chord on D.

Anima mia perdona should be related to several attempts by Vincenzo Gonzaga during the 1590s to stage a Guarinis celebrated pastoral day, which were crowned by success only in November 1598, as we have always seen; the Mantuan court should must have retained a particularly vivid memory of this play, which met with remarkable favor among madrigalists. If Monteverdi had already drawn on II pastor fido at the period of the Third Text, setting to the music stanzas of Anima Mia perdonas first to the last line with some variants also found in the song a number of emotional expressions to set the music.

The beginning of Anima mia perdona with some slow discord and chromatic as well as homophony, actually demonstrates Monteverdis most clear adoption of Gesualdos very expressive strategies of styles. Furthermore, it audaciously copies the first styles or features of madrigals like Sparge la morte and Ecco Moriro that were written by Gesualdo in his 4th text. The consequent speedy shift by Monteverdi to faster rhythms together with imitative counterpoint for the purposes of attracting the contrast of the poet of his situation with his text is remarkable.

In conclusion, in Monteverdis fourth text of the madrigals, although the songs are still composed for the old medium of solitary voices, the novel form apparently shines through, inspiring much vital flexibility and autonomy of tempo, phrasing and dynamics, for various singers. Moreover, Monteverdi demonstrates a remarkable and unrivaled ability to depict in clear and creative musical language the desire and eroticism of the poetry written by some of the remarkable and renowned writers of the period of sixteenth Century. Clearly, he makes the double implications or meanings in terms like death and parting using his opulent phrasing; he effortlessly moves from the polyphonic to the homophonic style of composition, with his bold dissonances in both of them to illustrate the pain and suffering in addition to pleasure. Furthermore, he induces a sense of conversation in areas by classifying or separating phrases in terms of lower and upper sounds; cleverly utilizes word-painting with shifts in tone, lengths of notes, and also goes ahead to utilize reci...

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Essay on the Monteverdi Madrigal Project. (2021, May 26). Retrieved from

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