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Gender and Sports

Date:  2021-05-19 01:12:43
3 pages  (695 words)
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The relationship that exists between physical exercise and feminity has long been studied by the historian. It was certain that international sporting was developed in the latest nineteenth century. The organization of sports works on two bases to the extent that human beings come in one of the two genders. The organizations have been depending on the medical professionals and also scientists so that they can evaluate and provide sufficient judgment of the eligibility of an athlete in competition (Heggie 157-163). The judgments act as a reflection on a great deal of the culture, social and the national prejudice. Sex testing has become hard to research as by doing so has been the genesis of inaccurate information being repeated and false assertion about the gender fraud.

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Feminity and physical exercise are well researched, and its relationship is a better analysis of the existence of the problem brought through the relationship of masculinity and sports. The organizations for sports were developed with the exclusion of physical display, masculinity, modesty, perpetual risk and competition from the women. The only way that the women could participate in competitive sports was through sexually segregated events (Heggie 157-163). The womens struggle to join sports activity was considered a victory in the late nineteenth century. There were activities of acceptance for the woman program in the Olympics. The documents written to explain the women participation in sports was evident that the women were underestimated and ruled with uncertainty and embarrassment.

Sex testing is the greatest prove that can show that there was a social attitude to gender in sports. It was considered that it was a general rule for the competitor who is taller, who have a muscle fat ratio and larger heart and lungs stand at a better position to win the competition (Heggie 157-163). The test made sure to discredit women since even if a woman were good in sports, it would be hard for many to portray the physique masculinity to be effective. The sex test provided an upper limit for the womens sports performance.

There is no difference between the women and the men sports since all of them are much liable to the same testing regimes. It cannot be disputed that there is numerous genetic evaluation that can be used to disadvantage women in sports making unfairness in sports to be adamant. Women started to prevail and succeed in an athlete with the likes of Ratjen completing a woman high jump in Berlin Olympics of 1936, Weston took the women javelin and Zdenek set the national records for long jump and high jump (Heggie 157-163). All the women who showed the competitive advantage were made to undergo sex testing to examine whether their physique ambiguity was reasonable.

At that time segregation in sports was a major priority, and they needed it to become compulsory and some introduction of gender legislation introduced.

In the year 1946, the International Amateur Athletics Federation introduced a rule whereby the women who were to participate in the competition needed to be certified as an eligible candidate. They raised concern on gender fraud, but the tests that were done were cruel, insufficient and unpleasant (Heggie 157-163). The first person to be banned from the women sports was because she was not big enough. She was disqualified after being done a series of tests including visual inspection of genitalia, prototype chromosomal tests and other tests.

The tests done on women were inappropriate, and they did not prove anything that relates to sports either. After an appeal to drop the sex tests, the IAAF was the first to do so after the human rights and genetics argued that the tests were unfair, and they were not supposed to be used to discredit women in competition (Heggie 157-163). The fact that sex tests were applied to women claiming that sports and exercise were dangerous to women was a stereotype that is in clear confusion. It was a concern that exercise could make women virilise but in no case does being a woman means that she has cheated in the competition.

References

Heggie, Vanessa. "Testing Sex And Gender In Sports; Reinventing, Reimagining And Reconstructing Histories." Endeavor 34.4 (2010): 157-163. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.

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