Soccer is the most popular game globally. The International Federation of Association Football Federation reported that the sport has 265 million registered participants (HassanianMoghaddam et al., 2018). The game brings multiple physical fitness and health benefits to all participants without considering their race, age or gender. However, the sport has underlying risks which are associated with playing, and the risks are prevalent on female players (Donmez et al., 2018). Upholding the game, therefore, requires practical methods of mitigating the risks associated with the game, particularly in women. The game has both social and economic benefits, and so, the responsible bodies are required to make possible efforts to avoid the underlying risks. The discussion revolves various approaches aimed at preventing soccer injury in female participants.
The American collegiate research revealed that ankle was the most commonly injured part in women while playing soccer (Donmez et al., 2018). The other common elements that experienced frequent problem were the knee and the hip. The parts frequently experiences sprains on the lateral ankles ligaments. The physio-therapists reports that lateral ankle ligaments are the significant coordinators of the ankle, knee, and the hip, thus a slight interference affects all the three parts which form the primary body parts for physical activities in women (Aschwanden, 2019). This has increased the prevalence of anterior cruciate ligament, which is the surgical treatment for the related risks. The problem has been prevalent on female players and has contributed to the reduction of the number of female soccer players worldwide.
Preventing the forms of injury that affect women players requires active training to create excellent body awareness. This lowers the risks of sustaining the risks associated with the ligaments. A well-trained athlete remains non-fatigued along with the game, therefore does not easily experience the ankle problems. Excellent body awareness is necessary since soccer is an aerobic exercise that goes for 90 minutes with the participants covering a distance of around 10 miles (Aschwanden, 2019). The female muscles and ligament, therefore, require to remain in good state to sustain the necessary explosive speed and power. Acquiring the needed strength to stay fit and active is consequently essential (Donmez et al., 2018). Women commonly sustain injuries while playing soccer since they do not engage in intensive exercise that is responsible for keeping the ligaments involved and the right conditions so that they can jump and safely as well as make turns quickly.
Soccer is associated with endurance, speed, agility, and power to participate in the activities. Acquiring the virtues, therefore, involves building lower body strength and ligament through squatting, jumping in the right forms, and lunging (Aschwanden, 2019). The jumping activities enlightens women how to balance on one leg that is essential in avoiding the risks of rolling the ankle joints. The players should also be given enough time to rest after the exercises to recover mentally from the body stress of training. A perfect training schedule should incorporate resting sessions into each week for the ligaments to improve to get in the required conditions for soccer activities. Muscle strength recovery is necessary to experience the significance of exercise in playing soccer.
A concussion is another common form of injury that female participant's experience (Oester, Weber & Vaso, 2019). The problem, however, is standard in both male and female players. Preventing the state requires introduction of protective headwear to reduce the rate of the condition. If a player experiences the problem, it is necessary to acquire complete rehabilitation before resuming the gaming activities. This is because any human body part with constant pain or weakness is likely to expose an individual to faulty movement as well as causing compensation on the affected areas. When such occurs, one can no longer play soccer. It is, therefore, necessary to introduce the protective headgears to prevent the problems of concussion in female soccer participants.
On balance, complete prevention of injury in female players requires characterising the compliance of the teams and individual players with a realistic and straightforward injury prevention warm-up plan for the game. This is done through conducting assessment of the existing injury prevention programmes by the coaches and the responsible associates. The assessment should also cover the compliance of the players with the available techniques. When the player the programmes seem unfit for the players, the coaches and the responsible team heads should consider introducing new injury prevention measures that are applicable by all the team members to protect them from various instances of injury. A retrospective survey on the assessment of the cluster-randomised control measures provided that one finds it easy to adopt the criteria and programmes that favours them while performing various activities as in the case of female FIFA World Cup 2018 (Oester, Weber & Vaso, 2019). The occasional instances of musculoskeletal problems in female players resulted from negligence of biomechanical prevention programmes. Despite the presence of biomechanical plans for injury prevention, the female players do not consider the important psychological aspects of the programme. They only consider adopting the risk homeostasis like using the protective headwear that makes them engage in a more risk-taking move while playing soccer. Selecting the biomechanical controls is, therefore, necessary to prevent the risks associated with playing soccer.
Aschwanden, C. (2019). Good to Go: What the Athlete in All of Us Can Learn from the Strange Science of Recovery. WW Norton & Company.
Donmez, G., Korkusuz, F., Ozcakar, L., Karanfil, Y., Dursun, E., Kudas, S., & Doral, M. N. (2018). Injuries among recreational football players: results of a prospective cohort study. Clinical journal of sport medicine, 28(3), 249-254. Retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/
HassanianMoghaddam, H., Ghorbani, F., Rahimi, A., Farahani, T. F., Sani, P. S. V., Lewin, T. J., & Carter, G. L. (2018). Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 2014 World Cup Impact on HospitalTreated Suicide Attempt (Overdose) in Tehran. Suicide and Life
Threatening Behavior, 48(3), 367-375. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
Oester, C., Weber, A., & Vaso, M. (2019). Retrospective study of the use of medication and supplements during the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 5(1), e000609. Retrieved from https://bmjopensem.bmj.com/
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