Research Paper on Work-Family Conflict

Paper Type:  Research paper
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1199 Words
Date:  2022-09-26


Many researchers relate work-family conflict as different emphasizes the interference of the family to work and work to family. The knowledge concerning the work-life balance depends on depends on the various theoretical frameworks such as the compensation, resource drain, enrichment, work-family conflict, integration and ecology theories. Balancing work-family responsibility is one of the best strategies that can be applied to reduce the work-family conflict that can result in emotional stress (Salovey and Mayer, 1990).

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The research reveals that emotional competence enhances much of the success in work and social life. Many of the elements include emotional and social competencies such as sensitivity initiative, communication and interpersonal skills. The various changes in community and work organization require new strategies by the leaders and all need emotional intelligence.

The study on emotional intelligence can be related to Gardner's study on the multiple intelligence (1993), the emotional intelligence is further described in cognitive terms and designated model that emphasized on an individual capability to motivate oneself and persist in controlling impulses and delaying gratifications. Again, the emotional intelligence is to regulate one's moods and keep distress from overwhelming the ability to reason and to monitor emotions and use it to guide an individual's actions. The emotional intelligence is the basis for personal characters such as the self-confidence, integrity, knowledge of own weaknesses and strengths, self-motivation and resilience to change (Nikolaou and Tsaousis, 2002).

Emotional Intelligence Leads to Effective Performance

According to several literature works it is found that highly intelligent senior workers for instance, in army chapels handle work-family conflict relatively in a courteous manner; therefore, the emotional intelligence entails significan5t negative relationship with work to family and family to work conflict (Mayer and Geher, 1996).

Moreover, the ability of the various individuals to comprehend and manage their emotions can help to effectively balance the work-family life since high trait emotional intelligent individuals employ better emotional responses in handling and managing stressful impacts of emotional dissonance experienced at work. Again, passionate smart employee is actively motivated with their job and family activities and meets their responsibilities with lesser stress and also understands other's emotions.

The emotional intelligence builds innovational creativity in the individuals thus enhancing job performances thus facilitating the communication within the firm. The emotional intelligence has the role to make specific changes in an organization performance and training within the organization such as the army chapel (Schutte, et al.1998). Emotional intelligence has a significant influence on the improvement of performance by understanding the domain of human resource. Moreover, emotional intelligence helps individuals to select their job correctly and thus succeed in the firm. The results that are associated with the work may be affected the emotional intelligence.

Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

In any organization including in the Army chapel, a direction is fundamental since it is through the leadership that the command reaches the juniors within the institution (Goleman, 2006). In addition to the application of emotional intelligence leadership study to business and training in army is essential to empirically describe which competencies are fundamental to creating effective leaders and the translate the empirically determined list into a training strategy and enhances that the skills are learnt.

And finally, evaluate whether the competencies are effectively taught to those inspiring young leaders. Some researchers suggest that the leader always set an emotional tone for the institutions like the army chapel by transferring the emotional energy to the team; the leaders' further balance a relatively warm soldier's orientation and being objective.

Moreover, the leaders' emotions need not be manipulated and a good leader manifests an atmosphere of openness and interest of the members, for instance, being open to the troop members; however, individuals vary in their abilities to be aware of their own and other's emotions and effectively express their feelings. Again, leaders possess several emotional intelligence which includes stress tolerance, optimism and independence.

Emotional Intelligence and Work-Life Balance

According to Cartwright and Pappas (2008), suggest that generally, the employees with higher emotional intelligence have a better work-life balance since they are in a position to cope with the consequences that may arise from the stress; and again, can influence the emotions of others and maintain the personal and professional life. A significant reason for the attrition at the management level is since the majority of the employees do not have effective work-life balance.

However, the institutions that are not providing opportunities for the employees' work-life balance may end up having dissatisfied and unproductive employees. Nevertheless, the employers and employees need to be flexible and innovative and improving productivity without impacting negatively on the wellbeing, family relationships.

Importance of Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence has several facets and affects individuals daily. However, her are several importance of emotional intelligence which include: self-management in which an individual can effectively manage his or her emotions;, self-awareness which is the ability to recognize one's feelings and how it affects his or her actions; empathy, social awareness by efficiently relating to others in a social setting and motivation.

Effects of Emotional Intelligence on an Individual’s Life

The emotional intelligence is integral to building a well-balanced lifestyle between work and family. Emotional intelligence can affect an individual's mental health, relationships, and ability to lead and resolve conflicts (Carmeli, 2003). The emotional intelligence encompasses the understanding and regulating of emotions thus can easily affect mental functionality. An individual is likely to experience mood swings, depression and even anxiety thus hindering building a healthy relationship.

Again, when, the emotions take control, it might result in high blood pressure. Emotional intelligence also refers to effectively communicating with other individuals about your feelings in a constructive way which creates trust and a solid background for relationships and again, higher emotional intelligence and more effective communication allow one to work effectively on a professional level with colleagues and co-workers as a team thus enhancing proper coordination (McQueen, 2004).Emotional intelligence enhances success in individuals' personal and professional lives. With more emotional intelligence, there is likely to experience stronger, more successful relationships created on trust, mutual understanding, and communication. When emotional intelligence is applied to one's professional life, it promotes confidence and motivation.


The correlation of job satisfaction with the institutional commitment with a mild role of the emotional intelligence, the outcome is that the emotional intelligence had a positive effect on liability and the project succeeds.


Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, cognition and personality, 9(3), 185-211.Mayer, J. D., & Geher, G. (1996). Emotional intelligence and the identification of emotion. Intelligence, 22(2), 89-113.

Schutte, N. S., Malouff, J. M., Hall, L. E., Haggerty, D. J., Cooper, J. T., Golden, C. J., & Dornheim, L. (1998). Development and validation of a measure of emotional intelligence. Personality and individual differences, 25(2), 167-177.

Nikolaou, I., & Tsaousis, I. (2002). Emotional intelligence in the workplace: Exploring its effects on occupational stress and organizational commitment. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 10(4), 327-342.

Carmeli, A. (2003). The relationship between emotional intelligence and work attitudes, behavior and outcomes: An examination among senior managers. Journal of managerial Psychology, 18(8), 788-813.

Cartwright, S., & Pappas, C. (2008). Emotional intelligence, its measurement and implications for the workplace. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10(2), 149-171.

McQueen, A. C. (2004). Emotional intelligence in nursing work. Journal of advanced nursing, 47(1), 101-108.

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